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Rafters or in other languages ​​was called jidor bat made ​​of bamboo or teak wood carved trunk. Kentongan usability is defined as a sign of alarm, signal distance communication, Morse, marker prayer, nor sign of danger. The drums sizes ranging from a diameter of 40cm and a height of 1.5 M-2M. Kentongan often identified with the ancient communication tool that is often used by people living in rural and mountainous areas.

Kentongan an ancient communication tool that can be shaped or circular tube with a hole in its center carved deliberately. From the hole, going out sounds when struck. The gong comes with a regular bat is deliberately used to hit the center of the drums to produce a distinctive sound. The gong sounded with different rhythms to indicate different activity or event. Listeners will be understood by itself the message delivered by the gong.



Flute or whistle flute, better known as Minang traditional wind instruments. It is known evenly across West Sumatra, both inland and coastal. The so-called land especially luhak nan tigo (Agam, Tanah Datar and Puluah Limo Koto), while coastal areas of West Sumatra along the Indian Ocean coast. Whistle sounded the trumpet usually crowd customary events, such as marriage, the prince of the event (batagak pangulu) and others. Be relaxed or blown by perporangan, when to harvest rice or the fields. Perhaps he played solo or alone, and can also be choir, or combined with other traditional musical instruments, such as talempong, drums and so on.

The tools used to whistle flute made from rice stalks, a type of wood or bamboo, buffalo horn or palm leaves. The details are here. To the sound stylist, the material is usually made of wood or bamboo capo neigh gutters. Size, as big as your thumb. It is a kind of capo neigh shrubs, wood hard but the inside soft, so easily perforated. Approximately 20 cm in length, were 4 holes is 2.5 cm, which controls the rhythm. Tone only do-re-mi-fa-sol or called pentatonic melodies. This tone is prevalent in Minang traditional musical instruments. While the whistle is blown or parts can be made of wood or gutters (a type of bamboo) or from the old rice stalks.

Then there is the connector. Berf refugees as the base of the whistle. Approximately 5 cm in length, made of hard wood. This connector perforated for airway, which is continuous with the body axis and the axis of the funnel. In the back of the funnel-shaped junction anyway, with a diameter of 2 cm. Then the funnel. This is part trumpet formed membasar. Its function is to amplify or increase the volume. This part is usually made of wood (especially wood cork), or from natural buffalo horn has shaped taper, or of palm leaf wrapped. Length is about 10 to 12 cm, with a diameter of 6 cm in section expands. In manufacturing there bervarisi specifications in each area. In fact, setting the tone there is also a way to close and open the funnel surface. In terms of flute played with other instruments such as talempong, drums and gongs sounding the guide is truly a classic rhythm Minang very heart touching.



Sampelong traditional art itself is not much different from other traditional arts origin Sumatra, Saluang. Both are traditional art forms such as poetry or rhyme pronunciation typical Minangkabau region, which is generally in the form Ratok (lamentation) to rhyme whose content everyday conversation.

The instrument is similar to Sampelong Saluang, but only 40-50 centimeters in length. In addition, the diameter of the bamboo used is smaller than the saluang. Four holes in the trunk buluhnya not all used. Only three are functioning. Just one more hole for improvisation or ornamesi.

Sampelong already there before the arrival of Islam in Minangkabau. Sampelong tones are tones of Buddhist songs. This is evidenced by the similarity in the tone of Thailand, the nation’s cultural and artistic roots in Buddhism



Bansi short form and has 7 holes and can play traditional songs and modern because it has a standard tone. Compared with other wind instruments, which are found in West Sumatra, Bansi has a fuller tone. This can occur because the number of Bansi has more tone holes, which is 7 pieces. Thus, Bansi can sing songs both traditional and modern. In terms of shape, size Bansi shorter than Saluang. Length is approximately 33.5 to 36 cm with a diameter between 2.5-3 cm. Bansi is also made ​​of gutters (thin bamboo) or sariak (a type of small thin bamboo).

Knobe Oh

knobe oh

Knobe Oh traditional musical instrument made ​​of bamboo which started from the mid-section of the bamboo lengthwise cut off one end leading to an ever-decreasing form his cutouts.

Cutouts in the shape of musical instruments Knobe Oh made ​​in such a way that it produces the effect Vibra. Sound or tone generated on Knobe Oh rely resonance effect that occurs in a bamboo tube cavity is left at the end of a rope pulled by a binder.

Knobe Oh is one of the traditional musical instrument which is still very simple NTT in the form of high and low pitch sound produced. Sensitivity and precision to produce high and low tones are dependent by cutouts formed.



Percussion or stringed instruments from bamboo comes from Manggarai. One segment of bamboo Betung a 1.5 year length of approximately 40 m. Both ends of the bamboo is left, but one of them punched.

How to make it, in the middle of the rectangular hole cut bamboo with a size of 5 x 4 m. Right next to the left of each hole gouged out of the bamboo skin which is then propped up with wooden sticks to function as strings. How to play this instrument is plucked or beaten with a small timber.

As for how to play traditional stringed instruments Mendut this is to be picked or you can also pounded using a small piece of wood.

Foy Doa

foy doa

Traditional musical instrument FOY DOA, is the name of a traditional musical instrument NTT [East Nusa Tenggara], which comes from the island of Flores, more accurately derived from Ngada.

How old age Foy music Prayer is not known with certainty because there are no relics can be used to measure it. Foy Doa means double flute made ​​of reed / bamabu keil that join two or more. Perhaps music is commonly used by young people in the game at night with a circle. FOY DOA consists of 2 or could have been towed distilled and used in play together.

Penadaan system, tones produced by musical Foy Doa is the single tones and dual tones or two voices, this right depends on the tastes of the music player Foy Doa. Shape poems, poems generally of Doa theme song music Foy life, for example: “Kami bhodha ngo kami bhodha ngongo ngangi rupu-rupu, go-tuka ate wi me menge”, that means we have to work diligently in order not to starve. How to Play, Breathe wind from mouth blowing gently into the hole, while the fingers of the right hand and the left earpiece cover.

Music development Foy Doa, beginning Foy Doa music played rank on its own, and only about 1958 musicians in the local area began to integrate with other musical instruments such as: Sowito, Thobo, Foy Pay, Dera Earnings, and Earnings Toka. Function of the musical instruments mentioned above are as musical accompaniment Foy Doa.



Gamolan a similar percussion instruments in the Javanese gamelan. A musical instrument made of bamboo was thought to have played the ancient Lampung since the 4th century AD. Nevertheless, until the early 21st century, many people do not know about it Lampung.

Is Margaret J Kartomi who managed to get the discovery. The Australian researchers conducted a study of the instrument for 27 years since 1980.

“When I was going through Liwa (West Lampung), there are people who play gamolan. I am interested in having never heard such sounds of other instruments. Across the world, there is no sound like this (gamolan). As ekomusikologi, I am interested in studying gamolan, “said Margaret.

Unlike the gamelan, gamolan a single instrument that can be played alone without combined with other instruments. Meanwhile, the new gamelan orchestra could play together in the form of other instruments.

Margaret explained, was believed gamolan age older than the gamelan. The evidence is seen in the reliefs of Borobudur. On one of relief, a similar picture was plastered gamolan.

“Then, gamolan already there before the temple was built. They build for obvious relief see existing events, “said Margaret.

Gamolan that exist today, according to Margaret, already has a difference compared to the ancient gamolan. Ancient Gamolan has eight parallel bamboo slats above a round chunk of bamboo around the arms of adults. Eight bamboo each representing eight scales, which do re mi fa so la si do.

Meanwhile, the modern gamolan bamboo only has seven representing the seven scales. The scales are missing tanga fa tone. Margaret says she has yet to understand the reason for removing the scales fa.

“I do not know the reason why. I think I will re-examine it, “said Margaret.

Another difference between ancient and modern gamolan is a musician who plays gamolan. Ancient Gamolan played two people for a musical instrument. Meanwhile, the modern gamolan can be played one person.

Margaret believes, gamolan is a traditional musical instrument native Lampung. It was because gamolan can only be found in the West Lampung and the Right Way. Gamolan existence in the Right Way allegedly because the culture was taken from the West Lampung.



Tutuba is a musical instrument made ​​of bamboo. As with tatali, tutuba a typical musical instrument of the tribe To Wana. Wana is indigenous to Morowali – Central Sulawesi.



Talali is a wind instrument made ​​of bamboo measuring about 50 cm by 2 cm in diameter and has a resolution of 3 holes for air and only place to put a finger has 3 tones. With the blowing technique using feeling to find a good sound and a good ear. Tatali instrument is a rich tribal culture in the To Wana Morowali district, Central Sulawesi.



Rindik is one of the traditional instrument Bali. Made of bamboo which is based selendro tone. This instrument is in use in the marriage ceremony and performance program known by the name “Joged tube”. Joged dance tube is usually is accompanied by ten or twenty people who play gamelan including player and can also be used or played for hotels for guests visiting Bali.

rindik are tuned in pairs, one being tuned slightly higher than the other. This is what produces the characteristic humming sound. A rindik is played with either two or three beaters, one held in the left hand and one or two in the right. Normally, the left hand carries the melody and the right plays a pattern that creates interlocking configuration between the two right-hand parts. Although it may look effortless, playing rindik is a masterful skill that takes many years to learn. Hundreds of compositions have been composed for rindik, and each region—even each village—in Bali reveals different styles and repertoire. Most of the compositions were inspired by nature and have been named after flowers and animals. Love some of the more humorous ones, like Caplok Bangkung (Snapping Pig) orDongkang Menek Biu (Tree Frog Climbing a Banana). It never ceases to amaze me how many compositions some of these “lobby musicians” know, and they’re all committed to memory!



Is a section of bamboo that gouged his skin measuring 2 cm were then propped up with a small wooden stick. Depicting bamboo skin serves as a string. How to play a hit with a piece of wood for the finger length is less than 30 cm. Sertiap bamboo shoots produce a tone. For the purposes of driving, this instrument was made a few pieces as needed.



Sasando is a harp-like traditional music string instrument native of Rote Island of East Nusa TenggaraIndonesia.

The name ”sasando” is derived from Rote dialect ”sasandu” means “vibrating” or “sounded instrument”. It is believed that the sasando has already been known to the Rote people since the 7th century.

The main part of the sasando is a bamboo tube that serves as the frame of the instrument. Surrounding the tube is several wooden pieces serving as wedges where the strings are stretched from the top to the bottom. The function of the wedges is to hold the strings higher than the tube surface as well as to produce various length of strings to create different musical notations. The stringed bamboo tube is surrounded by a bag-like fan of dried lontar or palmyra leafs (Borassus flabellifer), which functions as the resonator of the instrument.[1] The sasando is played with both hands reaching into the stings of the bamboo tube through opening on the front. The player’s fingers then pluck the strings in a fashion similar to playing a harp or kacapi.

The sasando has 28 or 56 strings. The sasando with 28 strings called sasando engkel and sometimes has 56 strings, called double strings.

According to local tradition, the origin of the sasando is linked to the folktale of the Rote people about Sangguana.[2] The story goes that there once was a boy named Sangguana who lived on Rote Island. One day, as he tended to savannah, he felt tired and fell asleep under a palmyra tree. Sangguana dreamt that he played beautiful music with a unique instrument whose sound and the melody was so enchanting. When he woke up, surprisingly, Sangguana could still remember the tones he played in the dream. Wanting to hear it one more time, he tried to fall asleep again. Again he dreamt of the same song and the same instrument. Sangguana was enjoying his dream, but eventually he had to wake up. Not wanting to lose the beautiful sounds from his dream, Sangguana tried to recreate the sounds and quickly created a musical instrument from palmyra leaves with the strings in the middle, based on his memory from the dream, which became the basis of the sasando.

Knobe Khabetas

knobe khabetas

Traditional musical instruments NTT [East Nusa Tenggara] Knobe Khabetas’s called, is a traditional musical instruments tribe typical Dawan, that one of the mainland native tribes inhabit the island of Timor. When the first time traditional musical instruments Knobe Khabetas it or who played found, a note or a document that can be replicated in tracing it.

Traditional musical instruments Knobe Khabetas it believed by some great society among Dawan, been there since ancestor’s largest parts mainland Timor’s atill alive and now settled in the caves. Something actually interesting things to assess scientifically or challenging for the conduct penelurusan history will traces existence of traditional musical instruments Knobe Khabetas it’s in the past.

A form of traditional musical instruments Knobe Khabetas this if we observe on first glance, will seen as a form of darts bow. Playing traditional musical instruments in Knobe Khabetas This one from end traditional musical instruments Knobe Khabetas that shaped like this arc is blown while picking Tali [Strings] in existing stretch bows.

Traditional musical instruments Knobe Khabetas more homes found in field [the occupied homes only when planting season in field]. With the easy and diverse types of modern music equipment, may be difficult finding the traditional musical instruments Knobe Khabetas it.

On Several Occasions, not uncommon as traditional musical instruments Knobe Khabetas we meet medium played in ceremony for event specific parts Dawan. But it’s not that much more  intensity, replaceable nuance modern music the musicians of course not need it traditional musician in addition electrical power sources primarily.



Kenong Kohkol

kenong kohkol

Bambu Wukir

bambu wukir

Bambu Wukir is the product of a unique fusion of ancient Javanese tradition with an onslaught of contemporary noise. The original instrument shaped like a bamboo spear utilizes both percussive strings carved from the bamboo skin, and melodic steel strings, bringing together elements of traditional Indonesian instruments with garage guitar distortion.

Schooled in the theatre, Wukir Suryadi brings theatrical ruckus to the classical stage, plucking, strumming and bowing his way from peaceful meditations to rhythmical frenzies.

The evolution of his music is never complete as he utilizes the agility of his instrument to collaborate with musicians and performance artists from around the world, fluently bridging musical styles and inventing new instruments as he goes.

Bambu Hitadi / Bambu Hitada

bambu hitada / bambu hitadi

In North Maluku, bamboo trees besides used as raw materials in the equipment needs such as house construction, fencing, poles, couches, river raft, etc, also used as a “musical instrument”, known as “Bamboo Music Hitada”. Besides bamboo is used as the primary means for the game “Crazy Bamboo” which in the language of Ternate called the game “Baramasuwen” (to be discussed in the next article).

Most people on the island of Halmahera in North Maluku province, especially in sub Sahu, mother and Jailolo, including the Tobelo in northern Halmahera is still maintaining this type of traditional art. Music Art Bamboo they called “Bamboo Music Hitada” or often referred to as “Hitadi”. While other types of traditional music are not using bamboo known as “Music Yanger”.

Bamboo Hitada Yanger music and is usually played on special occasions, such as marriage celebration, the People’s Party or Thanksgiving celebration in a village. Traditional music is usually played together by some people in the bonds of the “Group”. A musical group consisting of 5 to 13 people.

Bambu Tiup

bambu tiup

Bamboo music (either inflatable or pm) certainly many kinds of various regions in Indonesia and even from different countries. But which one is the original of the North Sulawesi as in the video. Initially, Bambu Tiup – bamboo wind instrument from North Sulawesi is only made ​​of bamboo pieces are connected to each other simply. Then the connection is only given in the form of resin putty so that the air does not want to or exit from the connection.
Given the bamboo wind instrument of the North Sulawesi is a mass similar to orchestral music, the musical instruments are of different kinds. Ranging from flute (flute), trumpet, clarinet, trombone, korno, and bass.
Today, the type of bamboo wind instrument from North Sulawesi has been progressing in the shape and material but without leaving its authenticity in the form of a bamboo wind instrument. Models, form and material is more developed than in the 1950s until the 1980s were very simple. Now this material remains bamboo but is designed in such a way that it resembles a wind instrument made ​​from zinc, brass, copper, aluminum or the like.



Ensemble of bamboo musical instrument called Senggayung. This instrument is commonly used in a ritual called Besenggayung. This bamboo musical instruments used in the recording of program activities Indonesian Music Series Volume 17 “Borneo: Ritual and Music Festival of Dayak” Dusun Tanjung village in Tangerang district. Barley Hulu Regency. Ketapang in West Kalimantan in October 1995. This results in the production of audio on CD and cassette, published by the Society of Indonesian Performing Arts in collaboration with the Smithsonian Institution.

Senggayung is an old musical instrument that has been used since the origins of the indigenous fruits. Of the story is unbelievably, this instrument was stolen from Ghost Pestilence (Hantu Sampar) during the fruit season. Therefore, tool-making and game senggayung should not be done other than in fruiting season (with specific conditions), because it can be dangerous plague.



This musical instrument made ​​of bamboo seruas as small as a pencil whose length is approximately 15 cm, come from East Nusa Tenggara. Book section bottom left closed, but part of it is cut for a place to blow. Book bottom segment is cleaved to the air from mouth-blown from the top of a bamboo tube, as well as the parts of the bamboo for pandan leaves wrapped around so that functions like a trumpet orong enlarge his voice.

Goong Tiup

goong tiup

Foy Pay

foy pay

Bamboo wind instrument of the former is used to accompany the songs as well as music tandak Foy Doa. In development it is always paired with music Foy Doa. The tones are produced by Foy Pai: do, re, mi, fa, sol.

Foy Pay is almost similar to Foy Doa which is also a type of wind instrument like flutes. Usually Foy Pay also played along with prayer to accompany the traditional music of East Nusa Tenggara in various traditional events or for entertainment events.



Pa’pompang – Pa’suling


flute called a Pa’suling (suling is an Indonesian word for flute). This six-holed flute (not unique to the toraja) is played at many dances, such as the thanksgiving dance Ma’bondensan, where the flute accompanies a group of shirtless, dancing men with long fingernails. The toraja have indigenous musical instruments, such as the Pa’pelle (made from palm leaves) and the Pa’karombi (the Torajan version of a Jew’s harp). The Pa’pelle is played during harvest time and at house inauguration ceremonies.



The saluang is a traditional musical instrument of the Minangkabau people of West SumatraIndonesia. It is similar to the flute in general and made of bamboo. It is related to the suling of other parts of Indonesia.

It is made of thin bamboo or “talang” (Schizostachyum brachycladum Kurz), with 4 hole. Saluang more simple than other kind of flute because it is made just adding 4 holes and finish. The dimension of saluang is 3–4 cm in diameter and 40–60 cm in length. It is related to the suling of other parts of Indonesia.

Saluang player can play that music instrument without interrupting for taking breath from start to end of song. They have developed special breath technique in blowing that instrument without stopping for breathtaking.

Minangkabau people believe that talang which is collected from rack of clothes dryer or found drifting in the river is a good material for making saluang. Traditionally Minangkabau people also use talang as a container for sticky rice food (lamang,lemang) and as horizontal rack for drying clothes (jemuran kain) under sunlight .

One famous saluang player is Idris Sutan Sati with saluang female singer Syamsimar. Today, it is not so easy to find classic saluang cassette even in original place of saluang (Minangkabau).

Style of saluang tune for example : Singgalang, Pariaman, Koto Tuo, Ratok Solok, Cupak, Salayo and Pauah. Singgalang style is quite difficult for the beginners. High skilled saluang player can play many styles and audience can request any style to them.

In the past, Minangkabau people believed that saluang player have pitunang (mantra) or magic power for hypnotizing the audience. That mantra called as Pitunang Nabi Daud

Basek – Bambu Gesek


Basek musical instrument made ​​of bamboo is created by Joko wulung Suranto. Is a musical instrument played swiped bamboo created by artists from Depok – West Java – Indonesia.

Joko have wrestled with this Basek since 1996. Current instrument with a length of about 75 cm has had four models with different variations in order to attract attention, both as objects of art as well as decorative objects or souvenirs made ​​from bamboo wulung. Results of the creativity has gone through the trials performed in various places and events. Various type of classical to pop music can be played by Joko well, from the gentle rhythm wrenching to quickly and dynamically in collaboration with musical instruments guitar. Scratch is similar to bamboo musical instrument violin and fiddle, has three strings, played by swipe, but has a different base tones of the two, and Basek fall somewhere in between, so that the sound and tone is able to adjust both the Musical Instruments (violin and fiddle).



Genggong a unique art Subang regency West Java. Genggong origin of the word is taken from a bog name / ranch Genggong. Actually the name indicates genggong more local arts / entertainment people consisting of various traditional musical instruments are often played to welcome such bersajarah days of independence of the Republic of Indonesia.


gambang sunda

Arumba is not a musical instrument, but is a blend of several musical instruments made ​​of bamboo such as angklung, calung and xylophone Sunda. Arumba which is a continuation of Alunan Rumpun Bambu (The Rhythm of Bamboos) developed by Udjo Ngalagena in 1971.

Musical instruments made ​​from bamboo arumba small to large. Uniquely arumba music can be enjoyed and displayed from different types of music from traditional music, classical music and even foreign countries like cha-cha and latin music.

Bambu Jitak

bambu jitak

These instruments are classified as young as new been created in May 2008 by a resident of Village Mekarsari, Pulomerak Cilegon district named Agus M Patria.

Butak is a musical instrument made from bamboo, hemp, rattan and electric guitar strings. This raises the kind of musical instrument sounds melodious when played. The trick, electric guitar strings are stretched on bamboo pounded using a wooden bat. Butak can to support music as jazz, blues and more. Named Butak due to play this instrument by being hit / dijitak.



A musical instrument made of bamboo / awi gombong is called Celempung (eng: zither). Stringed zither equipped with a whistle made ​​of bamboo. Played by being hit with a bat called tarengteng. This instrument is not played alone but as a regulator of the rhythm of the song called Celempungan orchestration.

Suling Sunda

suling sunda

suling or Seruling is an Indonesian bamboo ring flute. It is used in gamelan ensembles.

Depending on the regional genre, a suling can be tuned into different scales. Sulings can be found in the following regions:

Sulings are made mainly of “tamiang” bamboo (Schizostachyum blumei, Nees), a long, thin-walled bamboo tube. The mouthpiece of the suling is circled with a thin band made of rattan near a small hole.  There are two factors that affect a fine suling’s tone:

  1. Fingering position.
  2. Speed of the airflow blown by the mouth.

The fingering position changes the wavelength of sound resonance inside the suling’s body. Depending on the distance of nearest hole to the suling’s head, different notes can be produced. The airflow speed also can modify the tone’s frequency. A note with twice frequency can be produced mostly by blowing the air into suling’s head’s hole with twice speed.



The Karinding is a traditional musical instrument from West JavaIndonesia. It is usually made from bamboo and midribs of palm trees. Karinding made of palm tree midribs are traditionally used by male players, and bamboo instruments are used by female players.

Initially Karinding used by the ancestor to repel pests in rice fields, because the low decible sound from karinding can disrupt the insect hearing.



calung is a bamboo tube xylophone used in the Sundanese music of West Java usually played by three or more men (women seldom play it).



The Angklung is a musical instrument made of two bamboo tubes attached to a bamboo frame. The tubes are carved to have a resonant pitch when struck and are tuned to octaves. The base of the frame is held in one hand, whilst the other hand strikes the instrument. This causes a repeating note to sound. Each of three or more performers in an angklung ensemble play just one note or more, but altogether complete melodies are produced. TheAngklung is popular throughout Southeast Asia, but it originated in today’s Indonesia and has been played by the Sundanese for many centuries.


The word “angklung” was originated from Sundanese “angkleung-angkleungan”, that means the movement of angklung player and the sound “klung” that comes from the instrument. Another theory suggested that the word “angklung” was formed from two Balinese words – angka and lungAngka means “tone”, and lung means “broken” or “lost”. Angklung thus means an “incomplete tone”.