All posts in “Toys”
Toys are played alone or in groups, if his own play accuracy, and if the groups with each other and shoot, but it is rarely done. Made of bamboo by utilizing the flexibility of bamboo, so it can catapult “bullet” in the form of seeds barked. While playing the waiting time his parents in the fields or the fields, but sometimes also played together with his place of residence when it is returned from the field or huma.
How to play is to include other grains such as bark or gravel from the upper hole. Then place the curved bamboo pressed up so apart and release the seeds into the air, “bullet” that came out was very weak depending on the level of flexibility of bamboo. This toy is brown because it uses bamboo that was old and dry, but at the time made this toy is green because it has not dried. Snap rifle is not a disposable toy but there are limits to the flexibility of the bamboo’s time to catapult was lost or not flexible anymore.
Suriwit there almost every area in Tatar Sunda. Suriwit or Piriwit or whistle is made from bamboo, plastic or cans.Suriwit is usually used by the referee, Police, Railway conductor. In addition, many played by children as toys either in rural or urban.
Gasing / Gangsing is a toy that can be spun on the shaft and balanced on a point. Gasing is the oldest toy found in various archaeological sites and still be recognizable. In addition to a children’s toy and an adult, gasing also used for gambling and divination fate. Most of the tops are made of wood, although often made of plastic, or other materials. Wood carved and shaped up to be part of a top agency. Top rope is generally made of nylon, while the top rope traditionally made from tree bark. Top rope length varies depending on the length of the arm is played.
Spinner is one of the traditional game of the archipelago, although the history of its spread is not certain.
In the island of Seven (Natuna), Riau Islands, a top games have existed long before the colonial Dutch. While in North Sulawesi, a top known since the 1930s. This game is made by the children and adults. Typically, that is done in the yard and a flat hard soil conditions. Top game can be taken by individuals or teams with varying number of players, according to the custom in their respective areas.
Up to now, is still very popular tops done in a number of regions in Indonesia. Even residents in the islands Rian organized a competition routine. While in Demak, usually a top played during the turn dry season to the rainy season. Community Bengkulu busy to play kazoos during the celebration of the Islamic New Year, 1 Muharram.
Various names of Gasing
A number of regions have different terms to refer to a Gasing. People of West Java and DKI Jakarta call Gangsing or Panggal. Lampung people call Pukang, East Kalimantan residents call Begasing, while in Maluku called Apiong and in West Nusa Tenggara named Maggasing. Only people Jambi, Bengkulu, West Sumatra, Riau Islands Tanjungpinang and calling a Gasing. Maggasing name or Aggasing well known in the Bugis people of South Sulawesi. While people Bolaang Bolaang in North Sulawesi familiar with the name Paki Gasing. East Javanese as chuckle calling Gasing. While in Yogyakarta, gasing called with two distinct names. If made of bamboo called Gangsingan, and if made of wood named Pathon.
Spinner has a variety of forms, depending on the region. There are oval, some are shaped like a heart, cone, cylinder, there is also shaped like a flying saucer. Consists of a top part of the head, the body and the foot (pivot). However, shape, size and top sections vary depending on each area.
Tops in Ambon (apiong) has the head and neck. But generally, tops in Jakarta and West Java only has the head and the apparent pivot, made from nails or metal. While a top pivot Natuna, does not appear.
Various types of Gasing
Types of Gasing
Tops can be divided into a top racing sound, play and penalty shootout at
How to play a top, it is not difficult. Importantly, a top player should not hesitate when throwing tops to the ground.
- Tops in holding in his left hand, while the right hand holds the rope.
- Wrap the strap on top, starting from the pivot to the body of a top. Strong wrap while spinning.
Lodong a ‘cannon’ traditionally made of bamboo, old toys lodong made during the fasting month, is made of bamboo rather large diameter and closed at its rear, its about 1.5 meters long weapons like bazookas, so called “cannon Lodong “. Near side of the hole that closed were small hole that serves to ignite the cannon to fire.
How to play it, lodong rods stored in a tilted position, make sure the seat is stable because if lodong lodong very loud noise can drag the lodong hinga bounce as boost energy explosion is very high (sometimes up broken into pieces), put a little water from the open pit and slice carbide, closed the open hole and a small hole at the base of blob lodong with cloth. After sufficient time (approximately up carbide runs out) open the cover and lift lodong lubag small fire in the hole by using a torch to light the cannons.
Lodong is usually played by older children, the elderly or children. But if it is played children must be accompanied by an adult because if less skilled child can face dirty black from lodong his own shot.
Lodong sometimes used as weapons of war between the 2 groups at any distance complete with a mound of earth as a fortress, the children used to use the ammunition used shoes or soap containers, stored in Lodong muzzle. So that when the battle started, the sky filled with bad shoes hovering looking for targets.
This toy is made of bamboo, if this toy will produce a sound played kreket kreket so called Kreketan kreketan awi or bamboo. These toys are scattered in agricultural areas such as Java. There is a range of kinds kreketan, some made of bamboo are also made of wood. This Kreketan than as a toy also serves as a paddy midges especially the birds, the birds will fly when they hear the sound of sounds.
Enggrang is one kind of art and eventually became a traditional Indonesian game under the influence of Chinese culture. Enggrang which began to develop in the 1960s in Karawang regency of West Java is known as a performance accompanied by a variety of traditional instruments of West Java. However, after a long time developed into a traditional game.
Enggrang is a traditional Indonesian game is not known for certain where it came from, but can be found in various regions with different names such as: some parts of West Sumatra with the name of the Tengkak-tengkak Tengkak (limping), which in Bengkulu Ingkau means shoes bamboo and in Central Java with stilt name derived from the name of a long-legged bird. Stilts itself comes from Lampung language meaning beheaded sandals made of bamboo elliptic. In the language of Banjar in South Kalimantan called batungkau.
The traditional game of the tools already familiar to the children in the Java community, because it will almost certainly be found easily in many places in remote rural areas and urban areas, in the past. Enggrang including kids games, because this game has been around since at least once before the independence of the Republic of Indonesia, during Dutch colonialism. It was as recorded in Baoesastra (Dictionary) essay Java WJS Poerwadarminto 113 pages published in 1939, mentioned the word enggrang-enggrangan interpreted the game by using a tool called enggrang. While enggrang themselves given meaning bamboo or wood which were footing (for feet) so that the foot moves freely running.
Enggrang made simple by using two bamboo sticks (more frequent use of this material rather than wood) in length each about 2 meters. Then about 50 cm from the base of the bamboo, bamboo bamboo hollowed out and then penetrated with a size of about 20-30 cm which serves as a footrest. Then become a tool called enggrang game. Bamboo is commonly used bamboo lear or wulung, and very rarely wear bamboo petung or greater ori and easily broken.
Unfortunately, traditional games as well enggrang-tools-in other traditional games today are no longer recognized by children who know a lot more modern games (playstation) or import the game from plastic. Enggrang games and the like are much more fill museum institutions or research institutes related to the cultural and historical values. At the corner of Taman Pintar Yogyakarta also found this game stilts though the situation is quite alarming. Enggrang a memorable stay in the present and occasionally still displayed in the workshop or seminar.
Kluntungan made of bamboo slices formed from a circular, in which both sides of paper covered with pilus. On both sides of the given thread both ends plastered clay while playing toys, yarn ends will dry clay on paper pilus strain, which led to the sound of “Kluntung-kluntung”. From there toy named.
Like the general umbrella, umbrella is made from raw bamboo paper and can be opened and closed again. One of the most typical of this umbrella is the use of rice as an adhesive between materials. Visually, this mini-sized umbrella with a striking color pattern “Tiedye” very attractive and would make a great gift
Is a miniature of a bird cage complete with artificial birds in it. Made of molded candles by using a brass mold. While the cage is made of bamboo slices. Toys this one has a charge associated with the philosophical social resistance. First, ownership of pet birds is considered as an indicator of social status determinants, of course, top class. Through the creation of Manukan, lower-class people trying to show their creativity as well as showing resistance to the social class system that characterized the society at that time.
Otok-otok name is taken from the sound generated by this toy while playing and made of bamboo strips called “tube” which is coated with a “clumpring” artificial leaf which contained the dried bamboo from each segment. Tube that has been coated clumpring earlier when hit with a piece that is connected to a rotating lever rise to noise “tok otok otok”. As with other woods toys otok-otok also use adhesives derived from rice and mashed.
Otok-otok this one is different because it is not pronounced the way it is with the driven rotating lever. This toy is made with tin cans with a beater underneath and given the wheel to move the bat.