Sampelong traditional art itself is not much different from other traditional arts origin Sumatra, Saluang. Both are traditional art forms such as poetry or rhyme pronunciation typical Minangkabau region, which is generally in the form Ratok (lamentation) to rhyme whose content everyday conversation.
The instrument is similar to Sampelong Saluang, but only 40-50 centimeters in length. In addition, the diameter of the bamboo used is smaller than the saluang. Four holes in the trunk buluhnya not all used. Only three are functioning. Just one more hole for improvisation or ornamesi.
Sampelong already there before the arrival of Islam in Minangkabau. Sampelong tones are tones of Buddhist songs. This is evidenced by the similarity in the tone of Thailand, the nation’s cultural and artistic roots in Buddhism